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What’s In the COVID-19 Vaccines?

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Now that there are authorized and recommended COVID-19 vaccines in the United States and many other countries,its imperative that we gain full cognizance about these vaccines. Why ?……As the first doses of COVID-19 vaccines were administered across the various developed countries, a few reports of allergic reactions to Pfizer- BioNTech’s vaccine have raised some concerns for those who are prone to allergic reactions.

Despite these concerns, experts say the risk of experiencing an allergic reaction in response to the authorized vaccines is still low when taking into account the ingredients present in both.Before we get to the nitty gritties of these vaccines ,Lets look at how vaccines work.

HOW VACCINES WORK

Germs are all around us, both in our environment and in our bodies. When a person is susceptible and they encounter a harmful organism, it can lead to disease and death.

The body has many ways of defending itself against pathogens (disease-causing organisms). Skin, mucus, and cilia (microscopic hairs that move debris away from the lungs) all work as physical barriers to prevent pathogens from entering the body in the first place. When a pathogen does infect the body, our body’s defences, called the immune system, are triggered and the pathogen is attacked and destroyed.

The body’s natural response

A pathogen is a bacterium, virus, parasite or fungus that can cause disease within the body. Each pathogen is made up of several sub-parts, usually unique to that specific pathogen and the disease it causes. The subpart of a pathogen that causes the formation of antibodies is called an antigen. The antibodies produced in response to the pathogen’s antigen are an important part of the immune system. You can consider antibodies as the soldiers in your body’s defense system. Each antibody, or soldier, in our system is trained to recognize one specific antigen. We have thousands of different antibodies in our bodies. When the human body is exposed to an antigen for the first time, it takes time for the immune system to respond and produce antibodies specific to that antigen. In the meantime, the person is susceptible to becoming ill. 

Once the antigen-specific antibodies are produced, they work with the rest of the immune system to destroy the pathogen and stop the disease. Antibodies to one pathogen generally don’t protect against another pathogen except when two pathogens are very similar to each other, like cousins. Once the body produces antibodies in its primary response to an antigen, it also creates antibody-producing memory cells, which remain alive even after the pathogen is defeated by the antibodies. If the body is exposed to the same pathogen more than once, the antibody response is much faster and more effective than the first time around because the memory cells are at the ready to pump out antibodies against that antigen.This means that if the person is exposed to the dangerous pathogen in the future, their immune system will be able to respond immediately, protecting against disease.

How vaccines help

Vaccines contain weakened or inactive parts of a particular organism (antigen) that triggers an immune response within the body. Newer vaccines contain the blueprint for producing antigens rather than the antigen itself. Regardless of whether the vaccine is made up of the antigen itself or the blueprint so that the body will produce the antigen, this weakened version will not cause the disease in the person receiving the vaccine, but it will prompt their immune system to respond much as it would have on its first reaction to the actual pathogen.

Some vaccines require multiple doses, given weeks or months apart. This is sometimes needed to allow for the production of long-lived antibodies and development of memory cells. In this way, the body is trained to fight the specific disease-causing organism, building up memory of the pathogen so as to rapidly fight it if and when exposed in the future.

Herd immunity

When someone is vaccinated, they are very likely to be protected against the targeted disease. But not everyone can be vaccinated. People with underlying health conditions that weaken their immune systems (such as cancer or HIV) or who have severe allergies to some vaccine components may not be able to get vaccinated with certain vaccines. These people can still be protected if they live in and amongst others who are vaccinated. When a lot of people in a community are vaccinated the pathogen has a hard time circulating because most of the people it encounters are immune. So the more that others are vaccinated, the less likely people who are unable to be protected by vaccines are at risk of even being exposed to the harmful pathogens. This is called herd immunity.

This is especially important for those people who not only can’t be vaccinated but may be more susceptible to the diseases we vaccinate against. No single vaccine provides 100% protection, and herd immunity does not provide full protection to those who cannot safely be vaccinated. But with herd immunity, these people will have substantial protection, thanks to those around them being vaccinated.

Vaccinating not only protects yourself, but also protects those in the community who are unable to be vaccinated. If you are able to, get vaccinated.

Here’s what we know about the Pfizer and Moderna vaccine ingredients and their role in allergic reactions.

What’s in the Vaccine?

The vaccine primarily contains salts and stabilizers in the forms of sugars and lipids, which don’t cause allergic reactions. Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna’s COVID-19 vaccines are both mRNA vaccines, which use a copy of a natural chemical called mRNA to provoke the body’s immune response. When the immune response is activated, it protects the body from acquiring an infection. “The RNA is packaged in a similar manner in both vaccines, which requires the use of polyethylene glycol, the chemical suspected to induce allergic reactions in a few patients who had an allergic reaction to the Pfizer vaccine,” Sanjeev Jain, MD, PhD, board-certified allergist and immunologist at Columbia Allergy based on the West Coast, tells very well. 

Pfizer-BioNTech’s vaccine contains:

  • A nucleoside-modified messenger RNA (modRNA) encoding the viral spike glycoprotein of SARS-CoV-2
  • Lipids, or fatty substances, including: (4-hydroxybutyl)azanediyl)bis(hexane-6,1-diyl)bis(2-hexyldecanoate), 2-[(polyethylene glycol)-2000]-N, N-ditetradecylacetamide, 1,2-distearoyl-snglycero-3-phosphocholine, and cholesterol
  • Potassium chloride
  • Monobasic potassium phosphate
  • Sodium chloride (salt)
  • Dibasic sodium phosphate dihydrate 
  • Sucrose (sugar)

The Moderna vaccine contains similar ingredients such as:

  • Messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA)
  • Lipids, or fatty substances, including: SM(sphyngomyelin)-102, Polyethylene glycol [PEG] 2000 dimyristoyl glycerol [DMG], 1,2-distearoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine [DSPC], and cholesterol
  • Tromethamine
  • Tromethamine hydrochloride
  • Acetic acid
  • Sodium acetate
  • Sucrose (sugar)

Both vaccines are similar when it comes to ingredients. “The primary difference between the two is that the packaging of the RNA in the Moderna vaccine allows for storage in a regular freezer, compared to ultra-cold freezers required for the storage of the Pfizer vaccine,” Jain says.

Although allergic reactions to the vaccines are possible, Jain says the risk of a reaction to the current COVID-19 vaccines is fairly low. “Most allergic reactions can be attributed to the preservatives or the vial stoppers that are made with latex,” he says. “The vaccine does not contain any of these ingredients.”

Allergic Reactions

There is some concern that vaccine can cause anaphylaxis, a severe and potentially life-threatening allergic reaction. According to Jain and Lakiea Wright, MD, board-certified allergist and immunologist at Brigham and Women’s Hospital in Massachusetts, the COVID-19 vaccines are unlikely to trigger anaphylaxis.

“Anaphylaxis to vaccines is extremely rare,” Wright tells very well. “There is a vaccine-adverse reporting system in the U.S. and although there is variation among different vaccines, on average, the incidence of anaphylaxis after vaccination is approximately 1.3 cases per one million.”

Although it is rare, other allergic reactions can still occur which can be mild to life-threatening. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), people should receive the vaccination in a facility where anaphylaxis can be treated.5

While the risk of allergic reactions to the COVID-19 vaccine is low, there is a possibility that a person could react differently. “Any time you take a medication, your body can perceive the medication as foreign, as a threat, and your immune system can mount a response which triggers your allergy cells to fire off,” Wright says. 

Wright stresses that reports of allergic reactions to the Pfizer and Moderna COVID-19 vaccines do not mean that people with all types of allergies shouldn’t get the vaccine. A person’s eligibility for the vaccine depends on their specific allergy history. 

Managing Allergic Reactions

If you decide to get the COVID-19 vaccine, observe for any symptoms or allergic reactions.Jain says a number of symptoms can all indicate a systemic reaction to the vaccine, including:

  • A tickle or clearing of the throat
  • Postnasal drainage
  • Sneezing
  • Coughing
  • Wheezing
  • Tight chest or shortness of breath
  • Abdominal cramping
  • Hives
  • Itching
  • Difficulty swallowing

According to Wright, there are ways to treat allergic reactions, like antihistamines. “In some cases, it may be appropriate to treat with steroids,” he adds. “For a severe allergic reaction, for example, anaphylaxis, the primary treatment is epinephrine.”

Plan Accordingly

If you are planning to take the COVID-19 vaccine, Wright recommends discussing your allergies with your healthcare provider. “If you have any concerns about past allergic reactions and risk for vaccination, make sure you discuss this in detail with your healthcare provider,” Wright says.

If you experience symptoms away from the vaccination shot site, Jain states that you might be experiencing a systemic reaction. “It is a good idea to do a body inventory prior to your injection; make a mental note of any active allergy symptoms for the day,” Jain says. “This will best help the medical staff in determining any change in condition after the shot.”

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ACOSTIK TV

Why Am I Here On This Earth?

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As humans,we are peculiarly susceptible to utter awful aphorisms ,especially in our doleful dumps.You hear many people iterate and reiterate this words ” Its My Life And I Get To Choose What I Want To Do With It”. You can relate right? .Well you have the right to voice out your opinion but have you sat down to really ask yourself WHY YOU WERE GIVEN THAT LIFE TO BE ON THIS EARTH?

I strongly believe every Tom,Dick and Harry in the world was born into this earth for a Purpose.To Solve a specific problem.And it is your responsibility to find that purpose and start living it.Until you discover that purpose,then you start living a life full of fulfillment .

Think about it this way.Anytime you decide to live a life your own way as you always say ,you deprive many people the opportunity to make it in life and also fulfill purpose.Why ,because the success of many people are enshrined in your success(purpose). So until you make it these people will continue to live an average live full of reproach and retrogression.

  • Listen,your purpose is your compass.
  • It guides you through storms and chaos.
  • It keeps you steady and focused in a world hell bent on meaningless distractions.
  • Without purpose life becomes meaningless.It easily leads you to a mindset of depression,anxiety and stress.

FACT : The average person lives for just 28,251 days ,so instead of wasting your life why not ask yourself these questions?

  • How Do I Find This Purpose ?
  • What Problem Was I Created To Solve ?
  • What Problem Am I Highly Motivated To Solve?
  • What Is My Assignment On This Earth?
  • Why Did The Creator Make Me?….The List Goes On…..

HOW DO I FIND THIS PURPOSE?

I have many people asking me this question any time I talk about purpose.And the truth of the matter is that ,one can only discover purpose by first looking withing yourself and asking important questions.

Examples

  • What Do You Like Doing Most ?
  • What Are You Passionate About ?
  • What Job or Business Will You Still Do Even If You Are Not Paid ?
  • What Do You Aspire To Do That Can Give You A sense Of Fulfillment ?

Answers to some of these questions are tied and linked to your Purpose.Discover and Live That Fulfilling Life You Have Always Dreamed of .

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Breaking News : Akuapem Poloo Goes to Jail for 90 Days Over Son’s Birthday Photoshoot

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Rosemond Brown,a Ghanaian Actress, populary known as Akuapem Poloo has been sentenced to three months in prison by the Accra Circuit Court

The Court in its judgement explained that the reason behind this harsh judgement is to use this case to serve as deterrent to the general public.

The Court also disclosed that the pregnancy test of the accused was negative.

Around July last year, Akuapem Poloo engaged the wrong side of the law after she posted a partially nude photo of herself and her son online as part of her son’s 7th birthday.

She pleaded guilty to three charges leveled against her and this include

  • The publication of obscene materials
  • Engaging in domestic violence in ways which undermine the privacy and integrity of another person
  • Finally engaging in domestic violence which can dent the dignity of another human being.

On Wednesday, the Accra Circuit court convicted her  for publishing nude photos of herself and son.

The judge in her ruling explained that she will serve 90 days in jail simultaneously

It is reported that the accused, Akuapem Poloo broke down into tears after the sentencing.

More soon…….

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Prison Break : Over 1500 Inmates Escape Prison In Nigeria

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Information reaching Acostik.com indicates that over 1500 inmates have been freed at the Owerri Correctional Prison after a prison break spearheaded by unknown gunmen.

The perpetrators decimated the IMO State Police Command Headquarters situated in Owerri,burnt and destroyed vehicles and other properties they could lay hands on.

They did not end there,but went on to free suspects in almost all the cells at the State Criminal Investigation Department of the Command.

According to sources close to the scene , the perpetrators invaded the premises on Monday morning, around 1am to 3am.

It is reported that the gunmen chanted at the Government House Roundabout for close to an hour before attacking the premises.

They meandered their way into the facility with the aid of explosives and dynamite and told the inmates to go home because Christ has resurrected and they therefore don’t have any reason to be there.

More Soon……

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